[Skip to Content]

Federal Assistance

Through September 30, 2004, the federal agencies most frequently involved in assisting communities reported they had collectively provided about $1.9 billion in assistance in response to the previous rounds (1988, 1991, 1993, and 1995) of Base Realignment and Closure (BRAC). Interagency coordination has also facilitated the civilian reuse of former military installations to benefit the public through Federal agency-sponsored public benefit conveyances. For more information, see Federal Agencies And Public Benefit Conveyances.

The following programs are available to assist communities with the alleviation of socioeconomic effects that may result from military base closures and realignments. Under Executive Order 12788, as amended, assistance for communities impacted by Defense program changes is coordinated across the Federal Government through the Economic Adjustment Committee (EAC). The Department of Defense's Office of Economic Adjustment (OEA) staffs the EAC and its Director is the EAC's Executive Director. Communities are encouraged to familiarize themselves with the following resources, including accessing program information through the provided internet links. OEA staff is available at (703) 604-6020 to address any questions you may have concerning the EAC, federal assistance available to affected communities, or specific local needs that may exist.

Please note that while OEA attempts to provide current information, these programs and their availability are subject to change without notice. Please contact the appropriate agency for the most up-to-date information on current programs.

Community and Economic Development Resources

This section contains information and resources on community and economic development and physical centers that can be visited to aid individuals and businesses impacted by Defense program changes. The phone numbers and Web sites provide information on how to find these centers.

Military Base Redevelopment

The Office of Economic Adjustment

U.S. Department of Defense

To assist communities impacted by Defense program changes, the Office of Economic Adjustment manages and directs the Defense Economic Adjustment Program, and coordinates the involvement of other Federal Agencies. The program identifies and evaluates alternative courses of action and resource requirements, and assists in preparing an adjustment strategy or action plan to help communities help themselves.

CFDA Information

Local Redevelopment Authorities

The Base Realignment and Closure (BRAC) statute states that the Local Redevelopment Authority (LRA) is responsible for preparing the redevelopment plan or for directing its implementation. The LRA also is the single community point of contact for all matters relating to the closure or realignment. See more information about resources for LRAs.

Responding to Change: Communities and BRAC

U.S. Department of Defense

Responding to Change: Communities and BRAC is an electronic magazine (PDF format), that provides information on community adjustment activities related to both closing and expanding military installations. This publication gives practical, hands-on advice for local and State officials.

Workforce Investment System Support of BRAC and Base Reuse Case Studies

U.S. Department of Labor

Training and Employment Guidance Letter 02-05 (TEGL 02-05) provides guidance on appropriate and encouraged activities for several Government Agencies and delineates the responsibilities of Federal, State, and local entities in supporting the BRAC initiative. Numerous Departments at each level are encouraged to work with BRAC-impacted communities to implement a solutions-based approach for economic development. The TEGL also includes five short case studies of economic and workforce development responses to prior BRAC events and highlights tips for base reuse planning. It can be accessed at the site listed above.

Workforce Investment Act (WIA) National Emergency Grants

U.S. Department of Labor

National Emergency Grants (NEGs) are awarded to States and local Workforce Investment Boards in response to applications for funds. These funds are used to address major economic dislocations, such as plant or business closures, mass layoffs, or closures and realignments of military installations. See available guidance and information regarding NEGs.

For BRAC 2005, the Department of Labor awarded $59.9 million in NEGs to help States, the District of Columbia, and Guam initiate early workforce planning assistance to communities potentially impacted by BRAC 2005. Information about these BRAC NEGs is available through these Department of Labor guidance documents.

CFDA Information

Educational Conveyance

U.S. Department of Education

The Secretary of Education has the legislative authority to sell and convey Federal real property to States, their political subdivisions, colleges, universities, public and private non-profit school systems, and other education organizations. As described at the site above, this “educational conveyance” is for public benefit and allows discounts up to 100 percent off the current fair market value of the available property. See additional information.

Impact Aid Program

U.S. Department of Education

The mission of the Impact Aid Program is to provide funding to local educational agencies that are financially burdened by Federal activities and to provide technical assistance and support services to staff and other interested parties. See additional information about the program.

CFDA Information

Military Airport Program

U.S. Department of Transportation

The Military Airport Program (MAP) places special emphasis on developing appropriate former military (closed under BRAC) and existing joint-use military airports. It allows funding of certain capital improvements that are not allowed under the main Airport Improvement Program (see below), such as surface parking lots, fuel farms, hangars, terminals, utility systems, access roads, and cargo buildings. See additional information on MAP.

Airport Improvement Program

U.S. Department of Transportation

The Airport Improvement Program (AIP) provides grants to public agencies for planning and developing public use airports that are in the National Plan for Integrated Airports System (NPIAS). See a description of and guidelines pertaining to the AIP.

CFDA Information

New Market Tax Credits

U.S. Department of the Treasury

New Market Tax Credits (NMTC) attract private-sector capital investment into urban and rural low income areas to help finance community development projects, stimulate economic growth and create jobs. They permit individual and corporate taxpayers to receive a credit against Federal income taxes for making qualified equity investments in specific community development entities. See more information on NMTC.

Technical Assistance Grants

U.S. Environmental Protection Agency

Community groups near BRAC installations that are on the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency’s (EPA) National Priorities List (NPL), or proposed to be listed, may be eligible for Technical Assistance Grants (TAGs). A qualified community group may receive an initial grant up to $50,000 for hiring independent technical advisors to help the community understand and interpret technical information about the investigation and cleanup of hazardous waste on the BRAC NPL site. See more information about EPA's TAG program.

CFDA Information

Turning Bases into Great Places: New Life for Closed Military Communities

U.S. Environmental Protection Agency

This new guidebook showcases environmentally-friendly redevelopment models that local reuse authorities and community members may want to consider throughout the base reuse planning and redevelopment process. The messages contained in the guidebook will help a community facing base closure develop a reuse plan that creates vibrant neighborhoods, brings amenities to residents and the surrounding neighborhoods, provides a balanced mix of jobs and housing, and capitalizes on historic, cultural, and natural assets. The practices described in the guidebook reflect smart growth principles, and the case studies/examples provided illustrate where some of these principles have been applied. See further details.

Guidebook on Military Base Reuse and Homeless Assistance

U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development

This guidebook, updated in 2006, is a very important source of information for Local Redevelopment Authorities (LRAs) charged with transitioning closed military bases from military to civilian use. The LRA is required to submit a BRAC application, consisting of a redevelopment plan, a homeless assistance submission, and the summary of public comments to the U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development (HUD) and the Military Department. This guidebook outlines statutory and regulatory requirements, provides a detailed discussion of HUD’s review process, and contains case studies of model base reuse plans. The guidebook is available here.