In the 1990s, Long Island, New York, saw a significant decrease in defense industry activity from its peak of $4 billion.
OEA awarded a planning grant to the State of New York to help Long Island address the needed economic diversification and worked with educational, research, and high-tech institutions to develop business.
In the 1990s, more than 40 percent of Long Island’s manufacturing work was dependent on defense spending. From 1987 to 1991, Defense Prime Contract Awards over $25,000 dropped by 26 percent, and future defense cutbacks threatened more jobs. The projected cuts in the defense budget at the time were estimated to cause New York State an additional 56,000 defense-related jobs, adding to the 45,000 jobs lost since 1986.