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Joint Base San Antonio, Texas

Clock tower at Fort Sam Houston


Joint Base San Antonio (JBSA) is the result of the 2005 Base Realignment and Closure (BRAC) action that joined the separate installation management activities of Fort Sam Houston, Lackland Air Force Base (AFB), and Randolph Air Force Base to form JBSA. Resulting from BRAC 2005, Brooke Army Medical Center at Ft. Sam Houston and Wilford Hall Medical Center at Lackland AFB merged to become the San Antonio Military Medical Center at Ft. Sam Houston. The Headquarters Fifth Army is now Northern Command's land component headquarters for homeland defense of the continental US.

While BRAC 2005 resulted in the closure of Brooks City Base, also in San Antonio (a loss of 2,923 direct jobs), the net effect of the formation of JBSA - and of the different mission growth and realignment actions that accompanied the formation of JBSA - is projected to be more than 2,800 direct jobs within the JBSA installations in addition to more than 3,600 indirect jobs generated for the San Antonio Metropolitan Statistical Area. JBSA comprises just over 50,000 acres, spans more than 67 square miles, and includes more than 25 million square feet of facilities.

Community Response

The City of San Antonio's Office of Military Affairs (OMA) is the entity coordinating the metropolitan and regional response to the formation of JBSA. Bexar County (and those communities within Bexar County that are impacted by JBSA) also has coordinated with OMA on activities adjusting to mission growth impacts associated with JBSA and to ensure the future sustainability of JBSA missions. Facilitating this coordination, the city established a Military Transformation Task Force (MTTF), consisting of the affected metropolitan, county, and regional stakeholders. To date, the MTTF has provided executive leadership and decision-making associated with the completion of a growth management plan (GMP) and Joint Land Use Studies at Camp Bullis and Lackland AFB. The GMP identified several challenge areas based on JBSA's impact, which the community and the Joint Base have since worked together to address: economic impact, transportation infrastructure, neighborhood redevelopment and commercial revitalization, heath care service delivery and military medical training, and regional coordination and communication. In response, the city has worked collaboratively with other entities to improve transportation infrastructure and to restructure health care partnerships currently in place to mitigate the impacts of Wilford Hall's relocation.

A major component of the city's continuing engagement with JBSA is in the area of assessing opportunities for partnering with JBSA to share municipal and public services - with the goal of increased efficiency in service delivery and reduction in unit cost of service provision.

To view the community's 2009 Mission Growth Profile, click here click here.