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Marine Corps Base Quantico, Virginia

Marine Memorial at front gate of MCB Quantico

Background

Marine Corps Base (MCB) Quantico is located approximately 35 miles south of Washington, D.C. The local jurisdictions adjacent to the installation include Prince William County to the north, Fauquier County to the west and Stafford County to the south. The Potomac River forms a majority of the eastern boundary. Interstate95 (I-95) and U.S. Highway 1, major north-south transportation corridors, bisect the installation through Prince William and Stafford Counties.

Due to proximity to the nation's capital and two major transportation corridors, the northern Virginia region has historically experienced significant growth. Interstate 95 is consistently operating at or over capacity due in part to significant populations living in the surrounding counties and to commuters working in the Washington, D.C. Metropolitan Area. U.S. Highway 1 also is operating at or over capacity during peak commuter hours. Federal Government employment dominates the region’s economic base, which includes defense contractors, consultants, and government employees.

A 2005 Base Realignment and Closure (BRAC) action directed the relocation of the following five Military Defense Investigative Agencies to co-locate at MCB Quantico: Defense Intelligence Agency, Defense Security Service, the Army Criminal Investigation Command, Naval Criminal Investigative Service, and the Air Force Office of Special Investigations. A total of 2,767 positions relocated (351 Military, 1,861 DoD Civilian, and 555 Contractors) to a 718,000 square foot facility on a 100 acre secure compound east of I-95. The move to MCB Quantico occurred over a five-month period, April 2011 through August 2011, with the building dedication held September 19, 2011.

Community Response

In 2007, Prince William and Stafford Counties formed the Quantico Growth Management Committee, which adopted a mission statement, devoted county staff resources, invited the MCB Quantico Commander to serve in a "liaison" role, and employed a BRAC Coordinator. The Committee's mission was "….to identify issues and opportunities related to Defense-associated growth and develop growth management plans and strategies for implementation by local governing bodies." The Committee formally adopted a BRAC Action Plan in March 2009 to address the following challenge areas: transportation, workforce, small business, lodging, and communication. A BRAC website also was successfully launched to serve as an information clearinghouse and public resource.

To expand regional collaboration beyond BRAC, the Quantico Growth Management Committee transitioned to a more permanent organizational structure—the Quantico Regional Executive Steering Committee. The installation, the three adjacent counties of Stafford, Prince William, and Fauquier, and three regional planning commissions formed the Executive Steering Committee to "develop a shared vision that identifies common interests and concerns, and the planning partnerships and process needed to pursue regionally beneficial growth over the next 20 years." The expected outcome from this regional collaboration is to allow stakeholders to leverage their common interests and concerns and speak with one regional voice. The Quantico Regional Planning Team will serve as a body of senior staff, together with other agencies and organizations as needed, to support and implement the vision and ideas of the Executive Steering Committee. In response to the Navy's FY11 nomination, the three adjacent counties and MCB Quantico are discussing the possible initiation of a Joint Land Use Study to promote compatible regional development in support of military readiness and long-term sustainability.

One of the top growth challenges associated with the MCB Quantico BRAC action was the capacity of the regional transportation network. As noted previously, MCB Quantico is located in the high-growth, congested I-95 corridor through Prince William and Stafford Counties. The additional 2,767 personnel from BRAC were anticipated to add further traffic congestion. In response to the BRAC action, MCB Quantico widened Russell Road to four lanes from I-95 west to the BRAC site; constructed a Russell Road bypass; improved the I-95/Exit 148 ramp; enhanced the Ponderosa Y Gate West Side; and synchronized traffic lights at Russell Road intersections. The Quantico Growth Management Committee also identified the widening of U.S. Highway 1, through the base in Prince William County and south to Stafford County, as a priority transportation project. Federal Highway Administration – Eastern Federal Lands Highway Division is managing the U.S. Highway 1 preliminary engineering design project, with funding support from the Office of Economic Adjustment (OEA), Stafford County, and Prince William County.

To view the community's 2009 Mission Growth Profile, click here.