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Aerial View of Fort Monroe

Background on Installation

Spanning 570 acres, Fort Monroe is located in Hampton, Virginia, on Old Point Comfort where the Hampton Roads Harbor and Chesapeake Bay meet. Established as a U.S. Army installation in 1819, this National Historic Landmark District contains a diverse collection of buildings, structures, and landscapes rich in military and American history. Fort Monroe was built between 1819 and 1834, but the history of fortifications on the site goes back nearly four centuries. The fort was originally designed for state-of-the-art siege warfare in the early 1800s.

Property Reuse - Disposal

Under the direction of the Historic Preservation Advisory Group, detailed design standards have been prepared for each individual building on Fort Monroe. The design manual includes information on historic features and their significance, and provides detailed guidelines for reuse (e.g., what must be preserved and what can be modified). The accumulation of all the building information in one place will facilitate developer and tenant evaluation of the many opportunities for adaptive reuse of historic structures, while providing clear guidance on what will be required.

Ongoing engineering studies are evaluating all of Fort Monroe’s major utility systems, the seawall, and flood protection systems. The impact of Hurricane Isabel in 2003 demonstrated the installation’s vulnerability to flooding. Following the hurricane, several improvements were made to the infrastructure systems. The U.S. Army Corps of Engineers undertook major repairs to the seawall and started building breakwaters for additional flood protection. This building program was interrupted by the Base Realignment and Closure’s (BRAC) decision to close the installation, and millions of dollars of improvements still need to be completed. In response to the Old Point Comfort geography, surrounded by water, particular attention has been given to the long-term consequences of sea level rise.

On November 1, 2011, President Obama issued Proclamation 8750 establishing the Fort Monroe National Monument. Using authority provided by the Antiquities Act, approximately 325 acres are now reserved for this new National Monument. The Secretaries of the Army and Interior will enter into a Memorandum of Agreement that identifies and assigns the responsibilities of each agency and the required implementing actions.

For more information on the challenges the City of Hampton faced, click here.

In the News

  • With or without BRAC, DoD’s footprint is shrinking

    April 8, 2015 – Federal News Radio, By Jared Serbu In each of the past four years, the Pentagon has proposed a new round of base closures and Congress has rejected every one so far. But with or without lawmakers’ approval, the military’s footprint is shrinking. The Defense Department has hinted...

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  • Not Your Grandfather’s Factories

    Governing (Voices of the Governing Institute), By Anne Kim – April 8, 2015 It’s not easy for manufacturing to attract the younger, skilled workers that it needs. We need to focus on both the educational pipeline and public perceptions. For much of the past 30 years, the American public’s view of...

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  • Improving Public Services: The Secrets of Award-Winning Cities

    April 6, 2015 – Governing, By John M. Kamensky Local governments, their citizens and community interest groups all want better service delivery, and more than ever are looking to technology to make that happen. But technology alone won’t work. What cities that have been recognized for innovations...

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  • Looming Army cuts fill Texas leaders with dread

    April 4, 2015 – San Antonio Express-News, By Sig Christenson Automatic federal spending cuts over the last three years have hurt several Texas cities with large military installations — part of the budget sequester that will reduce the size of the Army by 80,000...

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  • IMCOM leaders set sights on 2025

    April 2, 2015 – Hawai’i Army Weekly (Army News Service) SAN ANTONIO — U.S. Army Installation Management Command top leaders held a conference, here, for garrison commanders and command sergeants major to set a collective course for IMCOM 2025 and Beyond.

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  • Budgets Signal Sequester Cuts Here to Stay

    March 30, 2015 – Defense News, By John T. Bennett WASHINGTON — What to do about sequestration is one issue House and Senate negotiators can skip as they craft a compromise 2016 federal budget blueprint. That’s because spending resolutions approved last week by the House and Senate both leave the...

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