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Aerial View of JB Andrews Naval Air Facility (Google)

Background

Joint Base Andrews Naval Air Facility Washington (formerly known as Andrews Air Force Base) is the secure aerial gateway for the President of the United States, Vice President, other senior U.S. leaders, and foreign heads of state. The installation is the home of the 89th Airlift Wing, whose missions include the operation of Air Force One, and more than 60 separate organizations from the Air National Guard, Army, Navy, Marine Corps, Air Force Reserve Command, and Air Force District Washington Headquarters. In response to the 2005 Base Realignment and Closure (BRAC) decision, 2,700 personnel recently relocated to Joint Base Andrews.

Joint Base Andrews is located in Prince George's County, Maryland, approximately five miles southeast of the District of Columbia. The base covers approximately 5,000 acres and is bordered on the west by a highly urbanized area and to the east by a semi-rural area that will be subject to rapid suburban residential growth. A major new town development (Westphalia) is proposed immediately adjacent to the northeast boundary and is expected to attract significant residential and commercial activity.

Although Joint Base Andrews began as an isolated military installation during World War II, the residential neighborhoods, and commercial and employment centers that surround the base today are the natural result of the processes of suburban development in the Greater Washington/Baltimore metropolitan areas.

Community Response

A Prince George’s County Military Base/Base Realignment and Closure (BRAC) Task Force consisting of county personnel, base representatives, and other community officials completed a county-level action plan in response to Department of Defense (DoD)-related growth. The plan identifies impacts to the county's transportation network as a significant concern. A Prince George's County's baseline transportation analysis indicates that DoD-related growth is increasing traffic on a number of roadways that already have marginal or failing levels of service. Expansion of the Pearl Harbor Gate to accommodate commercial truck traffic has resulted in increased heavy truck traffic on Dower House Road. Transportation corridor studies along Old Alexandria Ferry Road and Dower House Road are being completed to further identify transportation issues and solutions.

Additionally, the Deputy Assistant Secretary of the Air Force for Installations nominated Joint Base Andrews as a candidate for the Joint Land Use Study (JLUS) program in fiscal year (FY) 2007. Since that time, the installation and community have been working together to identify and resolve compatible use issues resulting from mission growth. A JLUS document was completed and approved by the Prince George's County Council in December 2009, providing recommendations to prevent encroachment from adversely impacting Joint Base Andrews missions. A JLUS Implementation Committee is working toward implementing study recommendations including developing draft legislation that would establish a Military Installation Overlay Zone as well as county ordinances that would encourage compatible use and development.

To view the community's 2009 Mission Growth Profile, click here.

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