Fort Wainwright lies 120 miles south of the Arctic Circle and encompasses approximately 917,000 acres. The main post comprises 13,700 acres, Tanana Flats Training Area more than 655,000 acres, and the Yukon Training Area 247,952 acres. Fort Wainwright is the home of the United States Army Garrison and units of the United States Army Alaska including the 1st Stryker Brigade Combat Team, 25th Infantry Division, also known as the 1-25th SBCT; the 16th Combat Aviation Brigade (Alaska) as well as Medical Department Activity-Alaska. The Fort Wainwright Airfield, also known historically as the Ladd Army Airfield, is located entirely within the boundary of the City of Fairbanks.
Eielson Air Force Base (AFB), located 30 miles southeast of Fairbanks, includes 19,789 acres and hosts the 354th Fighter Wing along with a number of supporting units. Since its early days, Eielson also has been home to weather reconnaissance aircraft, tactical units from Alaskan Air Command, aerial tankers and, most recently, F-16s, A-10s and OA-10s flying close air support and forward air control missions for nearby ground units.
The Army initially nominated Fort Wainwright for the Joint Land Use Study (JLUS) program in concert with Fort Richardson in August 2002. The Air Force subsequently nominated Eielson AFB in September 2003 to be included in the study with Fort Wainwright. Fort Wainwright and Eielson AFB are experiencing land use conflicts due to the limited availability of developable land and infrastructure to direct that development in the Fairbanks North Star Borough. The Borough served as the JLUS study sponsor due to their land use and zoning authority for the land, which encompasses both bases and the surrounding areas. The Borough established JLUS Policy and Technical Advisory Committees to oversee the JLUS effort. Cooperation with the City of Fairbanks was valuable since the City has building code authority for the land around Fort Wainwright’s cantonment area. The City of North Pole and the Village of Moose Creek also were participants.
Completed in June 2006, the JLUS includes recommended actions and strategies to enhance compatible use. Community and military leaders continue to meet regularly as part of the JLUS Policy and Technical Committees to discuss and monitor implementation of the JLUS recommendations. An overview of the JLUS recommendations includes the following items below.
JLUS Recommendations for Local Jurisdictions:
JLUS Recommendations for the Military:
Fairbanks North Star Borough Joint Land Use Study